Do you know your Parmigiano Reggiano from your Pecorino Romano? Your Champagne from your Cava? Your Swiss watches from your German? If you do, you know that all these products have certain traits that make them special in their own way. It could be the terroir, the ingredients used, the components, the process of manufacture, the standards that they are subject to, or other things that give the products their distinctive character.
A Geographical Indication identifies a product with a specific region where a particular quality, reputation or some other characteristic of the product is attributable to specific geographical location. That is why Geographical Indications tend to be the name of the place of origin of the products (e.g. think Darjeeling Tea, Swiss Chocolate, Colombian Coffee, Bordeaux wines, etc.).